Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)
(Citizenship 02.03 MC)
“In republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates. The remedy for this inconveniency is to divide the legislature into different branches; and to render them, by different modes of election and different principles of action, as little connected with each other as the nature of their common functions and their common dependence on the society will admit.”–Federalist No. 51
Which of the following elements of the Constitution is the author defending in this quote?
Question 48 (Essay Worth 10 points)
(Citizenship 01.03 HC)
In 2012, a filmmaker posted a video online about the plight of child soldiers in Africa. It became a “viral video,” attracting thousands of watchers around the world. Is this type of activity important in U.S. political and civic life? Explain your response and give at least two additional examples of how a person can participate in a democratic society.
Question 49 (Essay Worth 10 points)
(Citizenship 02.03 HC)
“What is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”—James Madison
In at least two paragraphs, discuss the meaning of this quote in relation to one of the following principles—limited government, natural rights, separation of powers, or rule of law.
Question 50 (Essay Worth 10 points)
(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 HC)
In a well-written paragraph, describe how a landmark Supreme Court case extended civil liberties. Choose one of the following cases: Gideon v. Wainwright, Texas v. Johnson, or Mapp v. Ohio.